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norm

Rootless installer

NORM — Non-root build Manager

Not a problem!

norm will download, compile and install stuff into a directory in your home folder without requiring superuser access.

Quickstart

git clone https://github.com/hmage/norm ~/norm
echo '[ -f $HOME/norm/.bashrc ] && . $HOME/norm/.bashrc' >> ~/.bashrc
. ~/norm/.bashrc
norm install mc

After waiting a bit, you’ll get a fresh version of mc in your $PATH. Just type mc to start using it.

norm places everything it builds into a subdirectory in your home folder.

To prevent problems with NFS-shared homes, it puts system identification in the subdirectory’s name, for example on Linux with glibc version 2.19 and Haswell CPU, the name will be norm.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.2.19.haswell.

More examples

How it’s done

norm downloads the source code and compiles almost all dependencies. This is to avoid problems when some application (for example aria2) detects that a system has an optional library (for example libpsl) but fails to compile, because the system-provided library is too old.

Please be aware that binaries that norm installs are not portable — the expected paths are usually absolute — just like /usr, but for example in my case it’ll be /home/hmage/norm.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.2.19.haswell.

Moving binaries around will most certainly break them.

Please treat them as your own personal builds (which they are).

Proxies

Since norm uses curl, wget, and aria2c to download, you can use proxies. Just set up the usual environment variables, like this:

export http_proxy=http://192.168.20.99:8080/
export https_proxy=$http_proxy
export ftp_proxy=$http_proxy

Replace the IP address and port number with appropriate values for your proxy. You can add this to your .bashrc if you haven’t done so.

Formula format

norm formulae are bash scripts, here’s a working example:

#!/bin/bash

depends_on zlib

fetch_source ftp://ftp.astron.com/pub/file/file-5.25.tar.gz fea78106dd0b7a09a61714cdbe545135563e84bd

do_unpack_compile

And that’s it. It will download, unpack, run ./configure with proper parameters, then make and make install into installation prefix that is located in user’s home directory.

Adding new formula

To simplify creating the formula, norm provides functions that reduce amount of typing needed for building most software:

There are more, but these are the most commonly needed.

If source code uses autotools or cmake, norm detects that and compiles appropriately.

If the build system is something else, or extra steps are needed to successfully build the formula, there are other functions provided, their names and comments should be self explanatory.

To see a more complex example, take a look at how clang is built.

Reporting bugs

See https://github.com/hmage/norm/issues.

Also, you can contact me at hmage@hmage.net.